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For what is the best choice, for each individual is the highest
it is possible for him to achieve.
We become just by performing
just action, temperate by performing temperate actions, brave by performing brave
Men acquire a particular quality by constantly acting
a particular way. We become just by performing just actions, temperate by performing
temperate actions, brave by performing brave actions.
the things we have to learn before we can do them, we learn by doing them.
human actions have one or more of these seven causes: chance, nature, compulsions,
habit, reason, passion, desire.
Well begun is half done.
The two qualities which chiefly inspire regard and affection
[Are] that a thing is your own and that it is your only one.
people would rather give than get affection.
We praise a
man who feels angry on the right grounds and against the right persons and also
in the right manner at the right moment and for the right length of time.
can become angry -- that is easy. But to be angry with the right person, to the
right degree, at the right time, for the right purpose, and in the right way --
this is not easy.
At his best, man is the noblest of all
animals; separated from law and justice he is the worst.
beauty is a greater recommendation than any letter of reference.
depends on size as well as symmetry. No very small animal can be beautiful, for
looking at it takes so small a portion of time that the impression of it will
be confused. Nor can any very large one, for a whole view of it cannot be had
at once, and so there will be no unity and completeness.
is that which reveals moral purpose, exposing the class of things a man chooses
Dignity does not consist in possessing honors,
but in deserving them.
A great city is not to be confounded
with a populous one.
Bashfulness is an ornament to youth,
but a reproach to old age.
The ideal man bears the accidents
of life with dignity and grace, making the best of circumstances.
is easy to fly into a passion... anybody can do that, but to be angry with the
right person to the right extent and at the right time and in the right way that
is not easy.
The beauty of the soul shines out when a man
bears with composure one heavy mischance after another, not because he does not
feel them, but because he is a man of high and heroic temper.
rascal is not a thief, but every thief is a rascal.
man does not expose himself needlessly to danger, since there are few things for
which he cares sufficiently; but he is willing, in great crises, to give even
his life -- knowing that under certain conditions it is not worthwhile to live.
Dignity consists not in possessing honors, but in the consciousness
that we deserve them.
What it lies in our power to do, it
lies in our power not to do.
Education is the best provision for old age.
educated differ from the uneducated as much as the living from the dead.
roots of education are bitter, but the fruit is sweet.
who educate children well are more to be honored than they who produce them; for
these only gave them life, those the art of living well.
is an ornament in prosperity and a refuge in adversity.
who have meditated on the art of governing mankind have been convinced that the
fate of empires depends on the education of youth.
of reform is not so much to equalize property as to train the noble sort of natures
not to desire more, and to prevent the lower from getting more.
consists in the same treatment of similar persons.
form of inequality is to try to make unequal things equal.
notice is taken of a little evil, but when it increases it strikes the eye.
is an art won by training and habituation. We do not act rightly because we have
virtue or excellence, but we rather have those because we have acted rightly.
We are what we repeatedly do. Excellence, then, is not an act but a habit.
in the job puts perfection in the work.
It is the mark of
an instructed mind to rest satisfied with the degree of precision which the nature
of the subject admits and not to seek exactness when only an approximation of
the truth is possible.
Cruel is the strife of brothers.
arose from men's thinking that if they are equal in any respect, they are equal
Without friends, no one would want to live, even
if he had all other goods.
Without friends no one would choose
Wishing to be friends is quick work, but friendship
is a slow-ripening fruit.
A true friend is one soul in two
To the query, What is a friend? his reply was A single
soul dwelling in two bodies.
In poverty and other misfortunes
of life, true friends are a sure refuge. The young they keep out of mischief;
to the old they are a comfort and aid in their weakness, and those in the prime
of life they incite to noble deeds.
Friendship is essentially
Friendship is composed of a single soul inhabiting
What is a friend? A single soul dwelling in two
There is no great genius without a mixture of madness.
Man is a goal seeking animal. His life only has meaning if
he is reaching out and striving for his goals.
a definite, clear practical ideal; a goal, an objective. Second, have the necessary
means to achieve your ends; wisdom, money, materials, and methods. Third, adjust
all your means to that end.
It is easy to perform a good
action, but not easy to acquire a settled habit of performing such actions.
are what we repeatedly do. Excellence, then, is not an act, but a habit.
is well to be up before daybreak, for such habits contribute to health, wealth,
If happiness is activity in accordance with excellence,
it is reasonable that it should be in accordance with the highest excellence.
Happiness is activity.
Happiness is a sort of action.
is a waking dream.
Hope is the dream of a waking man.
a beast or a god.
Man is by nature a political animal.
secret to humor is surprise.
No excellent soul is exempt
from a mixture of madness.
The virtue of justice consists
in moderation, as regulated by wisdom.
The law is reason,
free from passion.
The end of labor is to gain leisure.
give up leisure in order that we may have leisure, just as we go to war in order
that we may have peace.
It is Homer who has chiefly taught
other poets the art of telling lies skillfully.
of the mind is the essence of life.
Wicked men obey from
fear; good men, from love.
Love is composed of a single soul
inhabiting two bodies.
No great genius has ever existed without
some touch of madness.
Memory is the scribe of the soul.
So it is naturally with the male and the female; the one
is superior, the other inferior; the one governs, the other is governed; and the
same rule must necessarily hold good with respect to all mankind.
most perfect political community must be amongst those who are in the middle rank,
and those states are best instituted wherein these are a larger and more respectable
part, if possible, than both the other; or, if that cannot be, at least than either
of them separate.
It is better to rise from life as from
a banquet -- neither thirsty nor drunken.
It's best to rise
from life like a banquet, neither thirsty or drunken.
excellence comes about as a result of habit. We become just by doing just acts,
temperate by doing temperate acts, brave by doing brave acts.
moral virtues, then, are produced in us neither by nature nor against nature.
Nature, indeed, prepares in us the ground for their reception, but their complete
formation is the product of habit.
All men by nature desire
Nature does nothing uselessly.
is the reason why mothers are more devoted to their children than fathers: it
is that they suffer more in giving them birth and are more certain that they are
The aim of the wise is not to secure pleasure,
but to avoid pain.
Poetry is finer and more philosophical
than history; for poetry expresses the universal, and history only the particular.
Homer has taught all other poets the are of telling lies
Therefore, the good of man must be the end of
the science of politics.
What the statesman is most anxious
to produce is a certain moral character in his fellow citizens, namely a disposition
to virtue and the performance of virtuous actions.
impossibilities are to be preferred to improbable possibilities.
is the parent of revolution and crime.
implies a reference to a higher standard.
of men are naturally apt to be swayed by fear rather than reverence, and to refrain
from evil rather because of the punishment that it brings than because of its
For as the interposition of a rivulet, however
small, will occasion the line of the phalanx to fluctuate, so any trifling disagreement
will be the cause of seditions; but they will not so soon flow from anything else
as from the disagreement between virtue and vice, and next to that between poverty
Bad men are full of repentance.
one will dare maintain that it is better to do injustice than to bear it.
revolutions the occasions may be trifling but great interest are at stake.
revolt in order that they may be equal, and equals that they may be superior.
Such is the state of mind which creates revolutions.
him braver who overcomes his desires than him who conquers his enemies; for the
hardest victory is over self.
Nor was civil society founded
merely to preserve the lives of its members; but that they might live well: for
otherwise a state might be composed of slaves, or the animal creation... nor is
it an alliance mutually to defend each other from injuries, or for a commercial
intercourse. But whosoever endeavors to establish wholesome laws in a state, attends
to the virtues and vices of each individual who composes it; from whence it is
evident, that the first care of him who would found a city, truly deserving that
name, and not nominally so, must be to have his citizens virtuous.
soul never thinks without a picture.
We must no more ask
whether the soul and body are one than ask whether the wax and the figure impressed
on it are one.
Suffering becomes beautiful when anyone bears
great calamities with cheerfulness, not through insensibility but through greatness
The one exclusive sign of thorough knowledge is
the power of teaching.
Great men are always of a nature originally
The true end of tragedy is to purify the passions.
The least initial deviation from the truth is multiplied
later a thousandfold.
Plato is dear to me, but dearer still
All virtue is summed up in dealing justly.
all the varieties of virtues, liberalism is the most beloved.
greatest virtues are those which are most useful to other persons.
is educated insolence.
Melancholy men are of all others the
It was through the feeling of wonder that men
now and at first began to philosophize.
To write well, express
yourself like common people, but think like a wise man. Or, think as wise men
do, but speak as the common people do.
The young are permanently
in a state resembling intoxication.
They [Young People] have
exalted notions, because they have not been humbled by life or learned its necessary
limitations; moreover, their hopeful disposition makes them think themselves equal
to great things -- and that means having exalted notions. They would always rather
do noble deeds than useful ones: Their lives are regulated more by moral feeling
than by reasoning -- all their mistakes are in the direction of doing things excessively
and vehemently. They overdo everything -- they love too much, hate too much, and
the same with everything else.
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