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- I am a parcel of vain
By a chance bond together.
- Great God, I ask for no meaner pelf
I may not disappoint myself,
That in my action I may soar as high
As I can
now discern with this clear eye.
- My books I'd fain cast off, I cannot read,
'Twixt every page my thoughts
go stray at large
Down in the meadow, where is richer feed,
And will not
mind to hit their proper targe.
- The Summer Rain, st. 1 (1842)
- Here while I lie beneath this walnut bough,
care I for the Greeks or for Troy town,
If juster battles are enacted now
the ants upon this hummock's crown?
- Talk of mysteries!—Think of our life in nature,—daily to be shown matter,
to come in contact with it,—rocks, trees, wind on our cheeks! The solid
earth! the actual world! the common sense! Contact! Contact! Who
are we? where are we?
- The Maine Woods, Ktaadn, Pt.
- The fate of the country does not depend
on how you vote at the polls — the worst man is as strong as the best at that
game; it does not depend on what kind of paper you drop into the ballot-box once
a year, but on what kind of man you drop from your chamber into the street every
- Slavery in Massachusetts (1854)
Thoreau Quotes from Journals (1838-1859)
- Truth, Goodness, Beauty—
those celestial thrins,
Continually are born; e'en now the Universe,
thousand throats, and eke with greener smiles,
Its joy confesses at their recent
- Sphere Music— Some
sounds seem to reverberate along the plain, and then settle to earth again like
dust; such are Noise, Discord, Jargon. But such only as spring heavenward, and
I may catch from steeples and hilltops in their upward course, which are the more
refined parts of the former, are the true sphere music— pure, unmixed music— in
which no wail mingles.
They are like air bubbles on water, hastening to flow together. History tells
of Orestes and Pylades, Damon and Pythias, but why should not we put to shame
those old reserved worthies by a community of such? Constantly, as it were through
a remote skylight, I have glimpses of a serene friendship-land, and know the better
why brooks murmur and violets grow. This conjunction of souls, like waves which
met and break, subsides also backward over things, and gives all a fresh aspect.
I would live henceforth with some gentle soul such a life as may be conceived,
double for variety, single for harmony— two, only that we might admire at our
oneness— one, because indivisible. Such community to be a pledge of holy living.
How could aught unworthy be admitted into our society? To listen with one ear
to each summer sound, to behold with one eye each summer scene, our visual rays
so to meet and mingle with the object as to be one bent and doubled; with two
tongues to be wearied, and thought to spring ceaselessly from a double fountain.
- Poetry— No definition of
poetry is adequate unless it be poetry itself. The most accurate analysis by the
rarest wisdom is yet insufficient, and the poet will instantly prove it false
by setting aside its requistions. It is indeed all that we do not know. The poet
does not need to see how meadows are something else than earth, grass, and water,
but how they are thus much. He does not need discover that potato blows are as
beautiful as violets, as the farmer thinks, but only how good potato blows are.
The poem is drawn out from under the feet of the poet, his whole weight has rested
on this ground. It has a logic more severe than the logician's. You might as well
think to go in pursuit of the rainbow, and embrace it on the next hill, as to
embrace the whole of poetry even in thought.
- Aeschylus had a clear eye for the commonest things. His genius was only an
enlarged common sense. He adverts with chaste severity to all natural facts. His
sublimity is Greek sincerity and simpleness, naked wonder which mythology had
not helped to explain... Whatever the common eye sees at all and expresses as
best it may, he sees uncommonly and describes with rare completeness. The multitude
that thronged the theatre could no doubt go along with him to the end... The social
condition of genius is the same in all ages. Aeschylus was undoubtedly alone and
without sympathy in his simple reverence for the mystery of the universe.
- Have no mean hours, but be grateful
for every hour, and accept what it brings. The reality will make any sincere record
respectable. No day will have been wholly misspent, if one sincere, thoughtful
page has been written. Let the daily tide leave some deposit on these pages, as
it leaves sand and shells on the shore. So much increase of terra firma. this
may be a calendar of the ebbs and flows of the soul; and on these sheets as a
beach, the waves may cast up pearls and seaweed.
- Who looks in the sun will see no light else; but also he will see no shadow.
Our life revolves unceasingly, but the centre is ever the same, and the wise will
regard only the seasons of the soul.
- We are as much as we see. Faith is sight and knowledge. The hands only serve
- The Indian...stands
free and unconstrained in Nature, is her inhabitant and not her guest, and wears
her easily and gracefully. But the civilized man has the habits of the house.
His house is a prison.
is a great art to saunter.
slight sound at evening lifts me up by the ears, and makes life seem inexpressibly
serene and grand. It may be Uranus, or it may be in the shutter.
- We are apt to imagine that this hubbub
of Philosophy, Literature, and Religion, which is heard in pulpits, lyceums, and
parlors, vibrates through the universe, and is as catholic a sound as the creaking
of the earth's axle. But if a man sleeps soundly, he will forget it all between
sunset and dawn.
- One cannot
too soon forget his errors and misdemeanors. To dwell long upon them is to add
to the offense. Repentance and sorrow can only be displaced by something better,
which is as free and original as if they had not been.
- For many years I was self-appointed inspector of
snowstorms and rainstorms, and did my duty faithfully, though I never received
one cent for it.
now, at half-past ten o'clock, I hear the cockerels crow in Hubbard's barns, and
morning is already anticipated. It is the feathered, wakeful thought in us that
anticipates the following day.
- Nothing is so much to be feared as fear.
- The bluebird carries the sky on his back.
- The perception of beauty is a moral test.
- The youth gets together his materials to build a bridge to the moon, or, perchance,
a palace or temple on the earth, and, at length, the middle-aged man concludes
to build a woodshed with them.
- Fire is the most tolerable third party.
- Some circumstantial evidence is very strong, as when you find a trout in the
- November 11, 1854
- Referring to an 1849
dairyman's strike, during which there was suspicion of milk being watered down.
- Nature is full of genius, full of the divinity;
so that not a snowflake escapes its fashioning hand.
- The same law that shapes the earth-star shapes the
snow-star. As surely as the petals of a flower are fixed, each of these countless
snow-stars comes whirling to earth...these glorious spangles, the sweeping of
man is richest whose pleasures are the cheapest.
- This bird sees the white man come and the Indian withdraw, but it withdraws
not. Its untamed voice is still heard above the tinkling of the forge...It remains
to remind us of aboriginal nature.
- The commonest and cheapest sounds, as the barking of a dog, produce the same
effect on fresh and healthy ears that the rarest music does. It depends on your
appetite for sound. Just as a crust is sweeter to a healthy appetite than confectionery
to a pampered or diseased one.
- You must love the crust of the earth on which you dwell more than the sweet
crust of any bread or cake; you must be able to extract nutriment out of a sand
- The savage in man
is never quite eradicated.
- What were the firefly's light if it were not for darkness.
- Every poet has trembled on the verge of Science.
- If you
are describing any occurrence... make two or more distinct reports at different
times... We discriminate at first only a few features, and we need to reconsider
our experience from many points of view and in various moods in order to perceive
Famous Thoreau Quotes from Civil Disobedience
- I heartily accept the motto, "That government is best which
governs least"; and I should like to see it acted up to more rapidly and systematically.
Carried out, it finally amounts to this, which also I believe— "That government
is best which governs not at all"; and when men are prepared for it, that will
be the kind of government which they will have.
- To speak
practically and as a citizen, unlike those who call themselves no-government men,
I ask for, not at once no government, but at once a better government. Let every
man make known what kind of government would command his respect, and that will
be one step toward obtaining it. After all, the practical reason why, when
the power is once in the hands of the people, a majority are permitted, and for
a long period continue, to rule, is not because they are most likely to be in
the right, nor because this seems fairest to the minority, but because they are
physically the strongest. But a government in which the majority rule in all cases
cannot be based on justice, even as far as men understand it. Can there not be
a government in which majorities do not virtually decide right and wrong, but
conscience?— in which majorities decide only those questions to which the rule
of expediency is applicable? Must the citizen ever for a moment, or in the
least degree, resign his conscience to the legislator? Why has every man a conscience,
then? I think that we should be men first, and subjects afterward. It is not desirable
to cultivate a respect for the law, so much as for the right. The only obligation
which I have a right to assume is to do at any time what I think right. It
is truly enough said that a corporation has no conscience; but a corporation of
conscientious men is a corporation with a conscience. Law never made men a
whit more just; and, by means of their respect for it, even the well-disposed
are daily made the agents of injustice.
- How does it become
a man to behave toward this American government today? I answered that he cannot
without disgrace be associated with it.
- When a sixth of
the population of a nation which has undertaken to be the refuge of liberty are
slaves, and a whole country is unjustly overrun and conquered by a foreign army,
and subjected to military law, I think that it is not too soon for honest men
to rebel and revolutionize. What makes this duty the more urgent is the fact that
the country so overrun is not our own, but ours is the invading army.
- A wise man will not leave the right to the mercy of chance, nor wish it
to prevail through the power of the majority. There is but little virtue in the
action of masses of men. When the majority shall at length vote for the abolition
of slavery, it will be because they are indifferent to slavery, or because there
is but little slavery left to be abolished by their vote. They will then be the
only slaves. Only his vote can hasten the abolition of slavery who asserts his
own freedom by his vote.
- He who gives himself entirely to his
fellow-men appears to them useless and selfish; but he who gives himself partially
to them is pronounced a benefactor and philanthropist.
laws exist: shall we be content to obey them, or shall we endeavor to amend them,
and obey them until we have succeeded, or shall we transgress them at once?
- I came into this world, not chiefly to make this a good place to live in,
but to live in it, be it good or bad.
- Any man more right
than his neighbors constitutes a majority of one.
a government which imprisons any unjustly, the true place for a just man is also
a prison...the only house in a slave State in which a free man can abide with
- I saw that the State was half-witted, that it was timid
as a lone woman with her silver spoons, and that it did not know its friends from
its foes, and I lost all my remaining respect for it, and pitied it.
- I am as desirous of being a good neighbor as I am of being a bad subject.
- They who know of no purer sources of truth, who have traced
up its stream no higher, stand, and wisely stand, by the Bible and the Constitution,
and drink at it there with reverence and humility; but they who behold where it
comes trickling into this lake or that pool, gird up their loins once more, and
continue their pilgrimage toward its fountain-head.
man with a genius for legislation has appeared in America. They are rare in the
history of the world. There are orators, politicians, and eloquent men, by the
thousand; but the speaker has not yet opened his mouth to speak who is capable
of settling the much-vexed questions of the day.
- For eighteen
hundred years, though perchance I have no right to say it, the New Testament has
been written; yet where is the legislator who has wisdom and practical talent
enough to avail himself of the light which it sheds on the science of legislation?
- The progress from an absolute to a limited monarchy, from
a limited monarchy to a democracy, is a progress toward a true respect for the
- Is a democracy, such as we know it, the
last improvement possible in government? Is it not possible to take a step further
towards recognizing and organizing the rights of man? There will never be a really
free and enlightened State until the State comes to recognize the individual as
a higher and independent power, from which all its own power and authority are
derived, and treats him accordingly. I please myself with imagining a State
at least which can afford to be just to all men, and to treat the individual with
respect as a neighbor; which even would not think it inconsistent with its own
repose if a few were to live aloof from it, not meddling with it, nor embraced
by it, who fulfilled all the duties of neighbors and fellow-men. A State which
bore this kind of fruit, and suffered it to drop off as fast as it ripened, would
prepare the way for a still more perfect and glorious State, which also I have
imagined, but not yet anywhere seen.
Thoreau Quotes from A Week on the Concord and Marrimack Rivers (1849)
- The vessel, though her masts be firm,
Beneath her copper bears a worm.
- Monday, Though All the Fates Should Prove Unkind, st. 2
- Far from New England's blustering shore,
worm her hulk shall bore,
And sink her in the Indian seas,
and hides, and China teas.
- Monday, Though All the Fates Should
Prove Unkind, st. 2
- My life has been the poem
I would have writ,
But I could not both live and utter it.
- My Life
Has Been a Poem I Would Have Writ
- It would be worth the while to look closely into the eye which has been open
and seeing at such hours, and in such solitudes, its dull, yellowish, greenish
eye. Methinks my own soul must be a bright invisible green.
takes two to speak the truth,—one to speak, and another to hear.
- Even the death of Friends will inspire us as much as their lives. They will
leave consolation to the mourners, as the rich leave money to defray the expenses
of their funerals, and their memories will be incrusted over with sublime and
pleasing thoughts, as monuments of other men are overgrown with moss; for our
Friends have no place in the graveyard.
- This world is but canvas
to our imaginations.
- Dreams are the touchstones of our characters.
- Go where we will on the surface
of things, men have been there before us.
- The frontiers are
not east or west, north or south, but wherever a man fronts a fact, though
that fact be his neighbor, there is an unsettled wilderness between him and Canada,
between him and the setting sun, or, farther still, between him and it.
- A true account of the actual is the rarest poetry, for common
sense always takes a hasty and superficial view.
- Poetry is
the mysticism of mankind.
- A poem is one undivided unimpeded
expression fallen ripe into literature, and it is undividedly and unimpededly
received by those for whom it was matured.
- If you can speak
what you will never hear, if you can write what you will never read, you have
done rare things.
- The unconsciousness of man is the consciousness
- As if our birth had at
first sundered things, and we had been thrust up through into nature like a wedge,
and not till the wound heals and the scar disappears, do we begin to discover
where we are, and that nature is one and continuous everywhere.
- What are the earth and all its interests beside the deep surmise which pierces
and scatters them?
- It is so rare to meet with a man out-doors
who cherishes a worthy thought in his mind, which is independent of the labor
of his hands.
- The eye may see for the hand, but not for the
Famous Thoreau Quotes from Walden (1854)
- When I wrote the following pages, or rather the
bulk of them, I lived alone, in the woods, a mile from any neighbor, in a house
which I had built myself, on the shore of Walden Pond, in Concord, Massachusetts,
and earned my living by the labor of my hands only.
- I should not talk so much about myself if there were anybody else whom I knew
as well. Unfortunately, I am confined to this theme by the narrowness
- Public opinion is a weak tyrant compared with our own
private opinion. What a man thinks of himself, that it is which determines, or
rather indicates, his fate.
- As if you could kill time without
- The mass of men lead lives of quiet desperation.
What is called resignation is confirmed desperation.
- It is
characteristic of wisdom not to do desperate things.
- It is
never too late to give up our prejudices.
- Age is no better,
hardly so well, qualified for an instructor as youth, for it has not profited
so much as it has lost.
- Most of the luxuries, and many of the
so-called comforts of life, are not only not indispensable, but positive hindrances
to the elevation of mankind.
- To be a philosopher is not merely
to have subtle thoughts, nor even to found a school, but so to love wisdom as
to live according to its dictates, a life of simplicity, independence, magnanimity,
- I say, beware of all enterprises that require
new clothes, and not rather a new wearer of clothes. If there is not a new
man, how can the new clothes be made to fit? If you have any enterprise before
you, try it in your old clothes. All men want, not something to do with, but something
to do, or rather something to be. Perhaps we should never procure a new suit,
however ragged or dirty the old, until we have so conducted, so enterprised or
sailed in some way, that we feel like new men in the old, and that to retain it
would be like keeping new wine in old bottles. Our moulting season, like that
of the fowls, must be a crisis in our lives.
- In the long
run men hit only what they aim at. Therefore, though they should fail immediately,
they had better aim at something high.
- I have learned that
the swiftest traveller is he that goes afoot.
- However, if one
designs to construct a dwelling-house, it behooves him to exercise a little Yankee
shrewdness, lest after all he find himself in a workhouse, a labyrinth without
a clue, a museum, an almshouse, a prison, or a splendid mausoleum instead.
- While civilization has been improving our houses, it has not equally improved
the men who are to inhabit them. It has created palaces, but it was not so easy
to create noblemen and kings.
- Nations are possessed with an
insane ambition to perpetuate the memory of themselves by the amount of hammered
stone they leave. What if equal pains were taken to smooth and polish their manners?
One piece of good sense would be more memorable than a monument as high as the
- I have thoroughly tried school-keeping, and found that
my expenses were in proportion, or rather out of proportion, to my income, for
I was obliged to dress and train, not to say think and believe, accordingly, and
I lost my time into the bargain. As I did not teach for the good of my fellow-men,
but simply for a livelihood, this was a failure.
- It is
not necessary that a man should earn his living by the sweat of his
unless he sweats easier than I do.
- The man who goes alone can start
today; but he who travels with another must wait till that other is ready, and
it may be a long time before they
- When a man
dies he kicks the dust.
- As for doing good, that is one of the
professions which are full.
- There is no odor so bad as that
which arises from goodness tainted.
- There are a thousand
hacking at the branches of evil to one who is striking at the root.
- The greater part of what my neighbors call good I believe in my soul to
be bad, and if I repent of anything, it is very likely to be my good behavior.
What demon possessed me that I behaved so well?
- There are
nowadays professors of philosophy, but not philosophers. Yet it is admirable to
profess because it was once admirable to live. To be a philosopher is not merely
to have subtle thoughts, nor even to found a school, but so to love wisdom as
to live according to its dictates, a life of simplicity, independence, magnanimity,
- I would rather sit on a pumpkin and have
it all to myself than be crowded on a velvet cushion. I would rather ride
on earth in an ox cart, with a free circulation, than go to heaven in the fancy
car of an excursion train and breathe a malaria all the way. The very simplicity
and nakedness of man's life in the primitive ages imply this advantage, at least,
that they left him still but a sojourner in nature. When he was refreshed with
food and sleep, he contemplated his journey again. He dwelt, as it were, in a
tent in this world, and was either threading the valleys, or crossing the plains,
or climbing the mountain-tops. But lo! men have become the tools of their tools.
The man who independently plucked the fruits when he was hungry is become a farmer;
and he who stood under a tree for shelter, a housekeeper. We now no longer camp
as for a night, but have settled down on earth and forgotten heaven. We have adopted
Christianity merely as an improved method of agriculture. We have built for this
world a family mansion, and for the next a family tomb. The best works of art
are the expression of man's struggle to free himself from this condition, but
the effect of our art is merely to make this low state comfortable and that higher
state to be forgotten.
- (From this passage statements declaring that "We
are/have become/are becoming 'the tools of our tools' " have been derived.)
- Philanthropy is almost the only virtue which is sufficiently appreciated by
Chapter 2: Where I Lived, and What I Lived For
- A man is rich in proportion to the number of things which he can afford
to let alone.
- All poets and heroes, like Memnon, are
the children of Aurora, and emit their music at sunrise. To him whose elastic
and vigorous thought keeps pace with the sun, the day is a perpetual morning.
It matters not what the clocks say or the attitudes and labors of men. Morning
is when I am awake and there is a dawn in me.
- The millions
are awake enough for physical labor; but only one in a million is awake enough
for effective intellectual exertion, only one in a hundred millions to a poetic
or divine life. To be awake is to be alive. I have never yet met a man who was
quite awake. How could I have looked him in the face? We must learn to reawaken
and keep ourselves awake, not by mechanical aids, but by an infinite expectation
of the dawn, which does not forsake us in our soundest sleep.
- I know of no more encouraging fact than the unquestionable ability of man
to elevate his life by a conscious endeavor. It is something to be able to paint
a particular picture, or to carve a statue, and so to make a few objects beautiful;
but it is far more glorious to carve and paint the very atmosphere and medium
through which we look, which morally we can do. To affect the quality of the
day, that is the highest of arts. Every man is tasked to make his life, even in
its details, worthy of the contemplation of his most elevated and critical hour.
- I went to the woods because I wished to live deliberately,
to front only the essential facts of life, and see if I could not learn what it
had to teach, and not, when I came to die, discover that I had not lived.
I did not wish to live what was not life, living is so dear; nor did I wish to
practise resignation, unless it was quite necessary. I wanted to live deep and
suck out all the marrow of life, to live so sturdily and Spartan-like as to put
to rout all that was not life, to cut a broad swath and shave close, to drive
life into a corner, and reduce it to its lowest terms, and, if it proved to be
mean, why then to get the whole and genuine meanness of it, and publish its meanness
to the world; or if it were sublime, to know it by experience, and be able to
give a true account of it in my next excursion.
- Our life
is frittered away by detail. An honest man has hardly need to count more than
his ten fingers, or in extreme cases he may add his ten toes, and lump the rest.
Simplicity, simplicity, simplicity! I say, let your affairs be as two or three,
and not a hundred or a thousand; instead of a million count half a dozen, and
keep your accounts on your thumb-nail. In the midst of this chopping sea of
civilized life, such are the clouds and storms and quicksands and thousand-and-one
items to be allowed for, that a man has to live, if he would not founder and go
to the bottom and not make his port at all, by dead reckoning, and he must be
a great calculator indeed who succeeds. Simplify, simplify. Instead of
three meals a day, if it be necessary eat but one; instead of a hundred dishes,
five; and reduce other things in proportion.
- We do not ride
on the railroad; it rides upon us.
- Be it life or death,
we crave only reality. If we are really dying, let us hear the rattle in our throats
and feel cold in the extremities; if we are alive, let us go about our business.
Time is but the stream I go a-fishing in. I drink at it; but while I drink I see
the sandy bottom and detect how shallow it is. Its thin current slides away, but
eternity remains. I would drink deeper; fish in the sky, whose bottom is pebbly
with stars. I cannot count one. I know not the first letter of the alphabet. I
have always been regretting that I was not as wise as the day I was born. The
intellect is a cleaver; it discerns and rifts its way into the secret of things.
- My instinct tells me that my head is an organ for burrowing,
as some creatures use their snout and fore paws, and with it I would mine and
burrow my way through these hills. I think that the richest vein is somewhere
hereabouts; so by the divining-rod and thin rising vapors I judge; and here I
will begin to mine.
Chapter 3: Reading
a little more deliberation in the choice of their pursuits, all men would perhaps
become essentially students and observers, for certainly their nature and destiny
are interesting to all alike. In accumulating property for ourselves or our
posterity, in founding a family or a state, or acquiring fame even, we are mortal;
but in dealing with truth we are immortal, and need fear no change nor accident.
The oldest Egyptian or Hindoo philosopher raised a corner of the veil from the
statue of the divinity; and still the trembling robe remains raised, and I gaze
upon as fresh a glory as he did, since it was I in him that was then so bold,
and it is he in me that now reviews the vision. No dust has settled on that robe;
no time has elapsed since that divinity was revealed. That time which we really
improve, or which is improvable, is neither past, present, nor future. My
residence was more favorable, not only to thought, but to serious reading, than
a university; and though I was beyond the range of the ordinary circulating library,
I had more than ever come within the influence of those books which circulate
round the world, whose sentences were first written on bark, and are now merely
copied from time to time on to linen paper.
- The heroic books,
even if printed in the character of our mother tongue, will always be in a language
dead to degenerate times; and we must laboriously seek the meaning of each word
and line, conjecturing a larger sense than common use permits out of what wisdom
and valor and generosity we have
- Men sometimes speak as if
the study of the classics would at length make way for more modern and practical
studies; but the adventurous student will always study classics, in whatever language
they may be written and however ancient they may be. For what are the classics
but the noblest recorded thoughts of man? They are the only oracles which are
not decayed, and there are such answers to the most modern inquiry in them as
Delphi and Dodona never gave. We might as well omit to study Nature because she
is old. To read well, that is, to read true books in a true spirit, is a noble
exercise, and one that will task the reader more than any exercise which the customs
of the day esteem. It requires a training such as the athletes underwent,
the steady intention almost of the whole life to this object. Books must be read
as deliberately and reservedly as they are written.
- What is
called eloquence in the forum is commonly found to be rhetoric in the study. The
orator yields to the inspiration of a transient occasion, and speaks to the mob
before him, to those who can hear him; but the writer, whose more equable life
is his occasion, and who would be distracted by the event and the crowd which
inspire the orator, speaks to the intellect and health of mankind, to all in any
age who can understand him. No wonder that Alexander carried the Iliad with him
on his expeditions in a precious casket. A written word is the choicest of relics.
It is something at once more intimate with us and more universal than any other
work of art. It is the work of art nearest to life itself. It may be translated
into every language, and not only be read but actually breathed from all human
lips;— not be represented on canvas or in marble only, but be carved out of the
breath of life itself. The symbol of an ancient man's thought becomes a modern
- Books are the treasured wealth of the world
and the fit inheritance of generations and nations. Books, the oldest and
the best, stand naturally and rightfully on the shelves of every cottage. They
have no cause of their own to plead, but while they enlighten and sustain the
reader his common sense will not refuse them. Their authors are a natural and
irresistible aristocracy in every society, and, more than kings or emperors, exert
an influence on mankind.
- Homer has never yet been printed in
English, nor Aeschylus, nor Virgil even— works as refined, as solidly done, and
as beautiful almost as the morning itself; for later writers, say what we will
of their genius, have rarely, if ever, equalled the elaborate beauty and finish
and the lifelong and heroic literary labors of the ancients. They only talk
of forgetting them who never knew them. It will be soon enough to forget them
when we have the learning and the genius which will enable us to attend to and
appreciate them. That age will be rich indeed when those relics which we call
Classics, and the still older and more than classic but even less known Scriptures
of the nations, shall have still further accumulated, when the Vaticans shall
be filled with Vedas and Zendavestas and Bibles, with Homers and Dantes and Shakespeares,
and all the centuries to come shall have successively deposited their trophies
in the forum of the world. By such a pile we may hope to scale heaven at last.
The works of the great poets have never yet been read by mankind, for only great
poets can read them.
- I think that having learned our letters
we should read the best that is in literature, and not be forever repeating our
a-b-abs, and words of one syllable, in the fourth or fifth classes, sitting on
the lowest and foremost form all our lives. Most men are satisfied if they read
or hear read, and perchance have been convicted by the wisdom of one good book,
the Bible, and for the rest of their lives vegetate and dissipate their faculties
in what is called easy reading.
- As for the sacred Scriptures,
or Bibles of mankind, who in this town can tell me even their titles? Most men
do not know that any nation but the Hebrews have had a scripture. A man, any
man, will go considerably out of his way to pick up a silver dollar; but here
are golden words, which the wisest men of antiquity have uttered, and whose worth
the wise of every succeeding age have assured us of;— and yet we learn to read
only as far as Easy Reading, the primers and class-books, and when we leave school,
the "Little Reading," and story-books, which are for boys and beginners; and our
reading, our conversation and thinking, are all on a very low level, worthy only
of pygmies and manikins.
- Shall I hear the name of Plato
and never read his book? As if Plato were my townsman and I never saw him— my
next neighbor and I never heard him speak or attended to the wisdom of his words.
But how actually is it? His Dialogues, which contain what was immortal in him,
lie on the next shelf, and yet I never read them.
- We should
be as good as the worthies of antiquity, but partly by first knowing how good
they were. We are a race of tit-men, and soar but little higher in our intellectual
flights than the columns of the daily paper. It is not all books that are as dull
as their readers. There are probably words addressed to our condition exactly,
which, if we could really hear and understand, would be more salutary than the
morning or the spring to our lives, and possibly put a new aspect on the face
of things for us. How many a man has dated a new era in his life from the reading
of a book! The book exists for us, perchance, which will explain our miracles
and reveal new ones. The at present unutterable things we may find somewhere uttered.
These same questions that disturb and puzzle and confound us have in their turn
occurred to all the wise men; not one has been omitted; and each has answered
them, according to his ability, by his words and his life.
same questions that disturb and puzzle and confound us have in their turn occurred
to all the wise men; not one has been omitted; and each has answered them, according
to his ability, by his words and his life. Moreover, with wisdom we shall
learn liberality. The solitary hired man on a farm in the outskirts of Concord,
who has had his second birth and peculiar religious experience, and is driven
as he believes into the silent gravity and exclusiveness by his faith, may think
it is not true; but Zoroaster, thousands of years ago, travelled the same road
and had the same experience; but he, being wise, knew it to be universal, and
treated his neighbors accordingly, and is even said to have invented and established
worship among men. Let him humbly commune with Zoroaster then, and through the
liberalizing influence of all the worthies, with Jesus Christ himself, and let
"our church" go by the board.
- I do not wish to flatter my townsmen,
nor to be flattered by them, for that will not advance either of us. We need to
be provoked— goaded like oxen, as we are, into a trot.
is time that we had uncommon schools, that we did not leave off our education
when we begin to be men and women. It is time that villages were universities,
and their elder inhabitants the fellows of universities, with leisure -- if they
are, indeed, so well off -- to pursue liberal studies the rest of their lives.
- To act collectively is according to the spirit of our institutions;
and I am confident that, as our circumstances are more flourishing, our means
are greater than the nobleman's. New England can hire all the wise men in the
world to come and teach her, and board them round the while, and not be provincial
at all. That is the uncommon school we want. Instead of noblemen, let us have
noble villages of men. If it is necessary, omit one bridge over the river,
go round a little there, and throw one arch at least over the darker gulf of ignorance
which surrounds us.
Chapter 4: Sounds
is published, but little printed. The rays which stream through the shutter will
be no longer remembered when the shutter is wholly removed.
love a broad margin to my life.
Chapter 5: Solitude
- Our horizon is never quite at our elbows.
- I love to be
alone. I never found the companion that was so companionable as solitude. We are
for the most part more lonely when we go abroad among men than when we stay in
our chambers. A man thinking or working is always alone, let him be where he will.
Chapter 6: Visitors
- I had three chairs
in my house; one for solitude, two for friendship, three for society. When
visitors came in larger and unexpected numbers there was but the third chair for
them all, but they generally economized the room by standing up. It is surprising
how many great men and women a small house will contain.
7: The Bean-field
- Ancient poetry and mythology suggest, at
least, that husbandry was once a sacred art; but it is pursued with irreverent
haste and heedlessness by us, our object being to have large farms and large crops
merely. We have no festival, nor procession, nor ceremony, not excepting our cattle-shows
and so-called Thanksgivings, by which the farmer expresses a sense of the sacredness
of his calling, or is reminded of its sacred origin. It is the premium and the
feast which tempt him. He sacrifices not to Ceres and the Terrestrial Jove, but
to the infernal Plutus rather. By avarice and selfishness, and a grovelling habit,
from which none of us is free, of regarding the soil as property, or the means
of acquiring property chiefly, the landscape is deformed, husbandry is degraded
with us, and the farmer leads the meanest of lives. He knows Nature but as a robber
- We are wont to forget that the sun looks on our cultivated
fields and on the prairies and forests without distinction. They all reflect and
absorb his rays alike, and the former make but a small part of the glorious picture
which he beholds in his daily course. In his view the earth is all equally cultivated
like a garden. Therefore we should receive the benefit of his light and heat with
a corresponding trust and magnanimity.
- These beans have
results which are not harvested by me. Do they not grow for woodchucks partly?
- The true husbandman will cease from anxiety, as the squirrels
manifest no concern whether the woods will bear chestnuts this year or not, and
finish his labor with every day, relinquishing all claim to the produce of his
fields, and sacrificing in his mind not only his first but his last fruits also.
Chapter 10: Baker Farm
- Through want of
enterprise and faith men are where they are, buying and selling, and spending
their lives like serfs.
Chapter 11: Higher Laws
- I found in myself, and still find, an instinct toward a higher, or, as it
is named, spiritual life, as do most men, and another toward a primitive rank
and savage one, and I reverence them both. I love the wild not less than the good.
The wildness and adventure that are in fishing still recommended it to me. I like
sometimes to take rank hold on life and spend my day more as the animals do.
- I have actually fished from the same kind of necessity that the first fishers
did. Whatever humanity I might conjure up against it was all factitious, and concerned
my philosophy more than my feelings. I speak of fishing only now, for I had
long felt differently about fowling, and sold my gun before I went to the woods.
Not that I am less humane than others, but I did not perceive that my feelings
were much affected. I did not pity the fishes nor the worms.
is a period in the history of the individual, as of the race, when the hunters
are the "best men," as the Algonquins called them. We cannot but pity the boy
who has never fired a gun; he is no more humane, while his education has been
sadly neglected. This was my answer with respect to those youths who were bent
on this pursuit, trusting that they would soon outgrow it. No humane being,
past the thoughtless age of boyhood, will wantonly murder any creature which holds
its life by the same tenure that he does. The hare in its extremity cries like
a child. I warn you, mothers, that my sympathies do not always make the usual
philanthropic distinctions. Such is oftenest the young man's introduction to the
forest, and the most original part of himself. He goes thither at first as a hunter
and fisher, until at last, if he has the seeds of a better life in him, he distinguishes
his proper objects, as a poet or naturalist it may be, and leaves the gun and
fish-pole behind. The mass of men are still and always young in this respect.
In some countries a hunting parson is no uncommon sight. Such a one might make
a good shepherd's dog, but is far from being the Good Shepherd.
- I have found repeatedly, of late years, that I cannot fish without falling
a little in self-respect. I have tried it again and again. I have skill at it,
and, like many of my fellows, a certain instinct for it, which revives from time
to time, but always when I have done I feel that it would have been better if
I had not fished. I think that I do not mistake. It is a faint intimation, yet
so are the first streaks of morning. There is unquestionably this instinct in
me which belongs to the lower orders of creation; yet with every year I am less
a fisherman, though without more humanity or even wisdom; at present I am no fisherman
at all. But I see that if I were to live in a wilderness I should again be tempted
to become a fisher and hunter in earnest
- The gross feeder is
a man in the larva state; and there are whole nations in that condition, nations
without fancy or imagination, whose vast abdomens betray them. It is hard to provide
and cook so simple and clean a diet as will not offend the imagination; but this,
I think, is to be fed when we feed the body; they should both sit down at the
same table. Yet perhaps this may be done. The fruits eaten temperately need
not make us ashamed of our appetites, nor interrupt the worthiest pursuits. But
put an extra condiment into your dish, and it will poison you.
- There is never an instant's truce between virtue and vice. Goodness is
the only investment that never fails.
- No man has ever
followed his Genius until it misled him.
- If the day
and night are such that you greet them with joy, and life emits a fragrance like
flowers and sweet-scented herbs, is more elastic, more starry, more immortal-
that is your success. All nature is your congratulation, and you have cause momentarily
to bless yourself.
- The greatest gains and values are
farthest from being appreciated. We easily come to doubt if they exist. We soon
forget them. They are the highest reality. Perhaps the facts most astounding and
most real are never communicated by man to man. The true harvest of my daily life
is somewhat as intangible and indescribable as the tints of morning or evening.
It is a little star-dust caught, a segment of the rainbow which I have clutched.
Yet, for my part, I was never unusually squeamish; I could sometimes eat a fried
rat with a good relish, if it were necessary. I am glad to have drunk water
so long, for the same reason that I prefer the natural sky to an opium-eater's
- Who has not sometimes derived an inexpressible satisfaction
from his food in which appetite had no share? I have been thrilled to think that
I owed a mental perception to the commonly gross sense of taste, that I have been
inspired through the palate, that some berries which I had eaten on a hillside
had fed my genius.
- Man flows at once to God when the channel
of purity is open. By turns our purity inspires and our impurity casts us down.
He is blessed who is assured that the animal is dying out in him day by day, and
the divine being established. Perhaps there is none but has cause for shame on
account of the inferior and brutish nature to which he is allied.
- Every man is the builder of a temple, called his body, to the god he worships,
after a style purely his own, nor can he get off by hammering marble instead.
We are all sculptors and painters, and our material is our own flesh and blood
and bones. Any nobleness begins at once to refine a man's features, any meanness
or sensuality to imbrute them.
Chapter 13: Housewarming
- They warmed me twice—once while I was splitting them, and again when they
were on fire.
Chapter 16: The Pond in Winter
- Heaven is under our feet as well as over our heads.
- While men believe in the infinite, some ponds will be thought to be bottomless.
Chapter 17: Spring
- What is man but a
mass of thawing clay?
- Through our own recovered innocence we
discern the innocence of our neighbors.
- We need the tonic of
wildness...We can never have enough of nature.
- The universe is wider than our views of it
- Be a Columbus to whole new continents and worlds within
you, opening new channels, not of trade, but of thought. Every man is the lord
of a realm beside which the earthly empire of the Czar is but a petty state, a
hummock left by the ice. Yet some can be patriotic who have no self-respect,
and sacrifice the greater to the less. They love the soil which makes their graves,
but have no sympathy with the spirit which may still animate their clay.
- If you would learn to speak all tongues and conform to the customs of all
nations, if you would travel farther than all travellers, be naturalized in all
climes, and cause the Sphinx to dash her head against a stone, even obey the precept
of the old philosopher, and Explore thyself. Herein are demanded the eye
and the nerve. Only the defeated and deserters go to the wars, cowards that run
away and enlist.
- It is not for a man to put himself in such
an attitude to society, but to maintain himself in whatever attitude he find himself
through obedience to the laws of his being, which will never be one of opposition
to a just government, if he should chance to meet with such. I left the woods
for as good a reason as I went there. Perhaps it seemed to me that I had several
more lives to live, and could not spare any more time for that one. It is
remarkable how easily and insensibly we fall into a particular route, and make
a beaten track for ourselves. I had not lived there a week before my feet wore
a path from my door to the pond-side; and though it is five or six years since
I trod it, it is still quite distinct. It is true, I fear, that others may have
fallen into it, and so helped to keep it open. The surface of the earth is soft
and impressible by the feet of men; and so with the paths which the mind travels.
How worn and dusty, then, must be the highways of the world, how deep the ruts
of tradition and conformity!
- I learned this, at least, by
my experiment: that if one advances confidently in the direction of his dreams,
and endeavors to live the life which he has imagined, he will meet with a success
unexpected in common hours. He will put some things behind, will pass an invisible
boundary; new, universal, and more liberal laws will begin to establish themselves
around and within him; or the old laws be expanded, and interpreted in his favor
in a more liberal sense, and he will live with the license of a higher order of
beings. In proportion as he simplifies his life, the laws of the universe will
appear less complex, and solitude will not be solitude, nor poverty poverty, nor
weakness weakness. If you have built castles in the air, your work need not be
lost; that is where they should be. Now put the foundations under them. It
is a ridiculous demand which England and America make, that you shall speak so
that they can understand you. Neither men nor toadstools grow so. As if that were
important, and there were not enough to understand you without them. As if Nature
could support but one order of understandings, could not sustain birds as well
as quadrupeds, flying as well as creeping things, and hush and whoa, which Bright
can understand, were the best English. As if there were safety in stupidity alone.
I fear chiefly lest my expression may not be extravagant enough, may not wander
far enough beyond the narrow limits of my daily experience, so as to be adequate
to the truth of which I have been convinced.
- I desire
to speak somewhere without bounds; like a man in a waking moment, to men in their
waking moments; for I am convinced that I cannot exaggerate enough even to lay
the foundation of a true expression. Who that has heard a strain of music
feared then lest he should speak extravagantly any more forever?
- The volatile truth of our words should continually betray the inadequacy
of the residual statement. Their truth is instantly translated; its literal monument
alone remains. The words which express our faith and piety are not definite;
yet they are significant and fragrant like frankincense to superior natures. Why
level downward to our dullest perception always, and praise that as common sense?
The commonest sense is the sense of men asleep, which they express by snoring.
Sometimes we are inclined to class those who are once-and-a-half-witted with the
half-witted, because we appreciate only a third part of their wit.
- In this part of the world it is considered a ground for complaint if a man's
writings admit of more than one interpretation. While England endeavors to cure
the potato-rot, will not any endeavor to cure the brain-rot, which prevails so
much more widely and fatally?
- Some are dinning in our ears
that we Americans, and moderns generally, are intellectual dwarfs compared with
the ancients, or even the Elizabethan men. But what is that to the purpose? A
living dog is better than a dead lion. Shall a man go and hang himself because
he belongs to the race of pygmies, and not be the biggest pygmy that he can? Let
every one mind his own business, and endeavor to be what he was made. 'Why
should we be in such desperate haste to succeed and in such desperate enterprises?
If a man does not keep pace with his companions, perhaps it is because he hears
a different drummer. Let him step to the music which he hears, however measured
or far away.
- No face which we can give to a matter will
stead us so well at last as the truth. This alone wears well. For the most
part, we are not where we are, but in a false position. Through an infinity of
our natures, we suppose a case, and put ourselves into it, and hence are in two
cases at the same time, and it is doubly difficult to get out. In sane moments
we regard only the facts, the case that is. Say what you have to say, not what
you ought. Any truth is better than make-believe.
mean your life is, meet it and live it; do not shun it and call it hard names.
It is not so bad as you are. It looks poorest when you are richest. The fault-finder
will find faults even in paradise. Love your life, poor as it is. You may
perhaps have some pleasant, thrilling, glorious hours, even in a poorhouse. The
setting sun is reflected from the windows of the almshouse as brightly as from
the rich man's abode; the snow melts before its door as early in the spring. I
do not see but a quiet mind may live as contentedly there, and have as cheering
thoughts, as in a palace.
- It is life near the bone where it
- Most think that they are above being supported
by the town; but it oftener happens that they are not above supporting themselves
by dishonest means, which should be more disreputable.
- Do not
seek so anxiously to be developed, to subject yourself to many influences to be
played on; it is all dissipation. Humility like darkness reveals the heavenly
lights. The shadows of poverty and meanness gather around us, "and lo! creation
widens to our view."
- No man loses ever on a lower level by
magnanimity on a higher. Superfluous wealth can buy superfluities only. Money
is not required to buy one necessary of the soul
- I love to
weigh, to settle, to gravitate toward that which most strongly and rightfully
attracts me— not hang by the beam of the scale and try to weigh less— not suppose
a case, but take the case that is; to travel the only path I can, and that on
which no power can resist me. It affords me no satisfaction to commerce to
spring an arch before I have got a solid foundation.
a nail home and clinch it so faithfully that you can wake up in the night and
think of your work with satisfaction— a work at which you would not be ashamed
to invoke the Muse. So will help you God, and so only. Every nail driven should
be as another rivet in the machine of the universe, you carrying on the work.
Rather than love, than money, than fame, give me truth.
is an incessant influx of novelty into the world, and yet we tolerate incredible
dullness. I need only suggest what kind of sermons are still listened to in the
most enlightened countries. There are such words as joy and sorrow, but they are
only the burden of a psalm, sung with a nasal twang, while we believe in the ordinary
- Such is the character of that morrow which mere lapse
of time can never make to dawn. The light which puts out our eyes is darkness
to us. Only that day dawns to which we are awake. There is more day to dawn.
The sun is but a morning star.
Thoreau Quotes from A Plea for Captain John Brown (1859)
would have left a Greek accent slanting the wrong way, and righted up a falling
- I hear many condemn these men because they were so
few. When were the good and the brave ever in a majority?
was his peculiar doctrine that a man has a perfect right to interfere by force
with the slaveholder, in order to rescue the slave. I agree with him. They who
are continually shocked by slavery have some right to be shocked by the violent
death of the slaveholder, but no others.
- I speak for the slave
when I say that I prefer the philanthropy of Captain Brown to that philanthropy
which neither shoots me nor liberates me.
- So we defend ourselves
and our henroosts, and maintain slavery.
- He is not Old Brown
any longer; he is an angel of light.
Famous Thoreau Quotes
from Walking (1862)
"Walking" began as a lecture called
"The Wild," delivered by Henry at the Concord Lyceum on April 23, 1851. He gave
this lecture many times, developing it into the essay finally published in the
Atlantic Monthly after his death, in 1862.
- In wildness
is the preservation of the world.
- Life consists with wildness.
The most alive is the wildest. Not yet subdued to man, its presence refreshes
- Man flows at once to God when the channel of purity is
- There are other letters for the child to learn than those
which Cadmus invented.
- Nature is hard to be overcome, but she
must be overcome.
Famous Thoreau Quotes from Life Without
This essay was derived from the lecture "What
Shall It Profit?" which Thoreau first delivered on 6 December 1854, at Railroad
Hall in Providence Rhode Island. He delivered it several times over the next two
years, and edited it for publication before he died in 1862. It was first published
in the October 1863 issue of The Atlantic Monthly where it was given its
- The greatest compliment that was ever paid
me was when one asked me what I thought, and attended to my answer.
I am surprised, as well as delighted, when this happens, it is such a rare use
he would make of me, as if he were acquainted with the tool.
take it for granted, when I am invited to lecture anywhere,—for I have had a little
experience in that business,—that there is a desire to hear what I think
on some subject, though I may be the greatest fool in the country,—and not that
I should say pleasant things merely, or such as the audience will assent to; and
I resolve, accordingly, that I will give them a strong dose of myself. They have
sent for me, and engaged to pay for me, and I am determined that they shall have
me, though I bore them beyond all precedent.
- I will not talk
about people a thousand miles off, but come as near home as I can. As the time
is short, I will leave out all the flattery, and retain all the criticism.
us consider the way in which we spend our lives.
- If a man walk
in the woods for love of them half of each day, he is in danger of being regarded
as a loafer; but if he spends his whole day as a speculator, shearing off those
woods and making earth bald before her time, he is esteemed an industrious and
enterprising citizen. As if a town had no interest in its forests but to cut them
- Most men would feel insulted, if it were proposed to
employ them in throwing stones over a wall, and then in throwing them back, merely
that they might earn their wages. But many are no more worthily employed now.
- The ways by which you may get money almost without exception
lead downward. To have done anything by which you earned money merely is
to have been truly idle or worse. If the laborer gets no more than the wages which
his employer pays him, he is cheated, he cheats himself.
services which the community will most readily pay for it is most disagreeable
to render. You are paid for being something less than a man.
for my own business, even that kind of surveying which I could do with most satisfaction
my employers do not want. They would prefer that I should do my work coarsely
and not too well, ay, not well enough. When I observe that there are different
ways of surveying, my employer commonly asks which will give him the most land,
not which is most correct.
- Do not hire a man who does your
work for money, but him who does it for love of it.
- The community
has no bribe that will tempt a wise man. You may raise money enough to tunnel
a mountain, but you cannot raise money enough to hire a man who is minding his
own business. An efficient and valuable man does what he can, whether the
community pay him for it or not. The inefficient offer their inefficiency to the
highest bidder, and are forever expecting to be put into office. One would suppose
that they were rarely disappointed.
- Perhaps I am more than
usually jealous with respect to my freedom. I feel that my connection with and
obligation to society are still very slight and transient. Those slight labors
which afford me a livelihood, and by which it is allowed that I am to some extent
serviceable to my contemporaries, are as yet commonly a pleasure to me, and I
am not often reminded that they are a necessity. So far I am successful. But I
foresee, that, if my wants should be much increased, the labor required to supply
them would become a drudgery. If I should sell both my forenoons and afternoons
to society, as most appear to do, I am sure, that, for me, there would be nothing
left worth living for.
- Thus men will lie on their backs, talking
about the fall of man, and never make an effort to get up.
wish to suggest that a man may be very industrious, and yet not spend his time
well. There is no more fatal blunderer than he who consumes the greater part of
his life getting his living. All great enterprises are self-supporting. The
poet, for instance, must sustain his body by his poetry, as a steam planing-mill
feeds its boilers with the shavings it makes. You must get your living by loving.
- Merely to come into the world the heir of a fortune is not
to be born, but to be still-born, rather. To be supported by the charity of friends,
or a government-pension,—provided you continue to breathe,—by whatever fine synonymes
you describe these relations, is to go into the almshouse.
title wise is, for the most part, falsely applied. How can one be a wise
man, if he does not know any better how to live than other men?—if he is only
more cunning and intellectually subtle?
- The rush to California,
for instance, and the attitude, not merely of merchants, but of philosophers and
prophets, so called, in relation to it, reflect the greatest disgrace on mankind.
That so many are ready to live by luck, and so get the means of commanding the
labor of others less lucky, without contributing any value to society!
- I did not know that mankind were suffering for want of gold. I have seen a
little of it. I know that it is very malleable, but not so malleable as wit. A
grain of gold will gild a great surface, but not so much as a grain of wisdom.
- Men rush to California and Australia as if the true gold were
to be found in that direction; but that is to go to the very opposite extreme
to where it lies. They go prospecting farther and farther away from the true lead,
and are most unfortunate when they think themselves most successful.
- Howitt says of the man who found the great nugget which weighed twenty-eight
pounds, at the Bendigo diggings in Australia:—"He soon began to drink; got a horse,
and rode all about, generally at full gallop, and, when he met people, called
out to inquire if they knew who he was, and then kindly informed them that he
was 'the bloody wretch that had found the nugget.' At last he rode full speed
against a tree, and nearly knocked his brains out." I think, however, there was
no danger of that, for he had already knocked his brains out against the nugget.
- It is remarkable that among all the preachers there are so
few moral teachers. The prophets are employed in excusing the ways of men.
- In our science and philosophy, even, there is commonly no true and absolute
account of things. The spirit of sect and bigotry has planted its hoof amid the
stars. You have only to discuss the problem, whether the stars are inhabited or
not, in order to discover it.
- A little thought is sexton to
all the world.
- I hardly know an intellectual man,
even, who is so broad and truly liberal that you can think aloud in his society.
Most with whom you endeavor to talk soon come to a stand against some institution
in which they appear to hold stock,—that is, some particular, not universal, way
of viewing things.
- In some lyceums they tell me that they have
voted to exclude the subject of religion. But how do I know what their religion
is, and when I am near to or far from it? I have walked into such an arena and
done my best to make a clean breast of what religion I have experienced, and the
audience never suspected what I was about.
- To speak impartially,
the best men that I know are not serene, a world in themselves. For the most part,
they dwell in forms, and flatter and study effect only more finely than the rest.
We select granite for the underpinning of our houses and barns; we build fences
of stone; but we do not ourselves rest on an underpinning of granitic truth, the
lowest primitive rock. Our sills are rotten.
- While there are
manners and compliments we do not meet, we do not teach one another the lessons
of honesty and sincerity that the brutes do, or of steadiness and solidity that
the rocks do. The fault is commonly mutual, however; for we do not habitually
demand any more of each other.
- When our life ceases to be inward
and private, conversation degenerates into mere gossip. We rarely meet a man who
can tell us any news which he has not read in a newspaper, or been told by his
neighbor; and, for the most part, the only difference between us and our fellow
is, that he has seen the newspaper, or been out to tea, and we have not. In proportion
as our inward life fails, we go more constantly and desperately to the post-office.
- I do not know but it is too much to read one newspaper a week.
I have tried it recently, and for so long it seems to me that I have not dwelt
in my native region. The sun, the clouds, the snow, the trees say not so much
to me. You cannot serve two masters. It requires more than a day's devotion to
know and to possess the wealth of a day.
- We may well be ashamed
to tell what things we have read or heard in our day. I do not know why my news
should be so trivial,—considering what one's dreams and expectations are, why
the developments should be so paltry. The news we hear, for the most part, is
not news to our genius. It is the stalest repetition.
- We do
not live for idle amusement. I would not run round a corner to see the world blow
- Not without a slight shudder at the danger, I often perceive
how near I had come to admitting into my mind the details of some trivial affair,—the
news of the street; and I am astonished to observe how willing men are to lumber
their minds with such rubbish,—to permit idle rumors and incidents of the most
insignificant kind to intrude on ground which should be sacred to thought. Shall
the mind be a public arena, where the affairs of the street and the gossip of
the tea-table chiefly are discussed? Or shall it be a quarter of heaven itself,—an
hypæthral temple, consecrated to the service of the gods? I find it so difficult
to dispose of the few facts which to me are significant, that I hesitate to burden
my attention with those which are insignificant, which only a divine mind could
illustrate. Such is, for the most part, the news in newspapers and conversation.
It is important to preserve the mind's chastity in this respect.
- It is so hard to forget what it is worse than useless to remember! If I
am to be a thoroughfare, I prefer that it be of the mountain-brooks, the Parnassian
streams, and not the town-sewers. There is inspiration, that gossip which
comes to the ear of the attentive mind from the courts of heaven. There is the
profane and stale revelation of the bar-room and the police court. The same ear
is fitted to receive both communications. Only the character of the hearer determines
to which it shall be open, and to which closed. I believe that the mind can
be permanently profaned by the habit of attending to trivial things, so that all
our thoughts shall be tinged with triviality.
- Read not
the Times. Read the Eternities. Conventionalities are at length as bad as impurities.
Even the facts of science may dust the mind by their dryness, unless they are
in a sense effaced each morning, or rather rendered fertile by the dews of fresh
and living truth. Knowledge does not come to us by details, but in flashes of
light from heaven. Yes, every thought that passes through the mind helps to
wear and tear it, and to deepen the ruts, which, as in the streets of Pompeii,
evince how much it has been used. How many things there are concerning which we
might well deliberate, whether we had better know them,—had better let their peddling-carts
be driven, even at the slowest trot or walk, over that bridge of glorious span
by which we trust to pass at last from the farthest brink of time to the nearest
shore of eternity! Have we no culture, no refinement,—but skill only to live coarsely
and serve the Devil?—to acquire a little worldly wealth, or fame, or liberty,
and make a false show with it, as if we were all husk and shell, with no tender
and living kernel to us? Shall our institutions be like those chestnut-burs which
contain abortive nuts, perfect only to prick the fingers?
we call this the land of the free? What is it to be free from King George and
continue the slaves of King Prejudice? What is it to be born free and not
to live free? What is the value of any political freedom, but as a means to moral
freedom? Is it a freedom to be slaves, or a freedom to be free, of which we
boast? We are a nation of politicians, concerned about the outmost defences only
of freedom. It is our children's children who may perchance be really free.
- With respect to a true culture and manhood, we are essentially
provincial still, not metropolitan,—mere Jonathans. We are provincial, because
we do not find at home our standards,—because we do not worship truth, but the
reflection of truth,—because we are warped and narrowed by an exclusive devotion
to trade and commerce and manufactures and agriculture and the like, which are
but means, and not the end.
- The finest manners in the world
are awkwardness and fatuity, when contrasted with a finer intelligence.
- Where there is a lull of truth, an institution springs up. But the truth
blows right on over it, nevertheless, and at length blows it down.
- What is called politics is comparatively something so superficial and inhuman,
that, practically, I have never fairly recognized that it concerns me at all.
The newspapers, I perceive, devote some of their columns specially to politics
or government without charge; and this, one would say, is all that saves it; but,
as I love literature, and, to some extent, the truth also, I never read those
columns at any rate. I do not wish to blunt my sense of right so much.
- Those things which now most engage the attention of men, as politics and the
daily routine, are, it is true, vital functions of human society, but should be
unconsciously performed, like the corresponding functions of the physical body.
They are infra-human, a kind of vegetation. I sometimes awake to a half-consciousness
of them going on about me, as a man may become conscious of some of the processes
of digestion in a morbid state, and so have the dyspepsia, as it is called.
- Politics is, as it were, the gizzard of society, full of grit and gravel,
and the two political parties are its two opposite halves,—sometimes split into
quarters, it may be, which grind on each other. Not only individuals, but States,
have thus a confirmed dyspepsia, which expresses itself, you can imagine by what
sort of eloquence. Thus our life is not altogether a forgetting, but also, alas!
to a great extent, a remembering of that which we should never have been conscious
of, certainly not in our waking hours. Why should we not meet, not always as
dyspeptics, to tell our bad dreams, but sometimes as eupeptics, to congratulate
each other on the ever glorious morning? I do not make an exorbitant demand, surely.
Other Thoreau Quotations:
- An early-morning walk is a blessing for the whole day.
fool can make a rule, and any fool will mind it.
- How vain it
is to sit down to write when you have not stood up to live.
men lead lives of quiet desperation and go to the grave with the song still in
- Not that the story need be long, but it will take a long
while to make it short.
- That virtue we appreciate is as much
ours as another's. We see so much only as we possess.
- The law
will never make men free; it is men who have got to make the law free.
- What good is a house, if you haven't got a decent planet to put it on?
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